Archive for the ‘Human Rights’ Category

VICTIMS OF YAHYA ARE VICTIMS OF BARROW AND VICTIMS OF THE GAMBIA

May 2, 2018

BURAMA JAMMEH

JUSTICE FIRST!
JUSTICE LAST!
JUSTICE FOR ONE!
JUSTICE FOR ALL!

One of the enduring pain of Yahya’s reign is total and inhuman disregard to LIFE and other RIGHTS of The Sovereign people of The Gambia:

THE KILLED – 10s, 100s or even 1000s of our citizens were killed. Since there are no official accounting of these people no one knows the exact number. What is known to us are famous names and/or those involved or caught up in some widely reported events such as April 10/11 Student demonstration.

THE MYSTEROUSLY DISAPPEARED – there are handful of people who are reported missing and their whereabouts are up to this day a mystery to their loves and Gambians in general. One such person is Foday Makalo, one-time popular Opposition Member of Parliament for Upper Badibou during the so-called First Republic. One would assume he would by now show up somewhere now that Yahya administration has long gone. Where is he and the other missing individuals such as Ebirma Manneh?

The DEAD DENIED HOME BURIAL – there were others who passed away in foreign lands and were denied home burial as may be their wish and/or those of their families

Died in Incarceration or immediately upon Release – There are several people who were incarcerated for dubious reasons. They died during such incarceration and/or not long upon release. We don’t know if such death were in any way related to events during their incarceration or simply natural causes.

ILLEGALLY SEIZURES/TRANSFERS OF OWNERSHIP OF REALS ESTATE PROPERTRIES – We know number of citizens and sometimes whole communities lost their real estate properties to Yahya Jammeh and/or his aid. Whether such properties were legally/legitimately acquired by the earlier owner or not the redress is not another legitimate seizure. Equally ignoring the issues as is because you are not directly affected and/or because is complex is a hallmark in-just society with incompetent leaders.

THE EXILED – 1000s or 10s of 1000s were forced into exile away from their families and sources of livelihoods

The other groups of victims are those related to the above – PARENTS, RELATONS, FRIENDS, NEIGHBORS, etc.

In essence the pains of these atrocities are felt far and wide all over our land.

Throughout our Struggle we demanded justice for these people and ourselves. We defeated Yahya December 01, 2016. On January 19, 2017 we assumed the powers of governing The Gambia. But there are NO JUSTICE AND NO JUSTICE IN THE WORKS. WHATS IN THE WORKS IS ASKING US TO FORGET THE PAST AND MOVE-ON

THEY PROMISED TRUTH AAND RECONCILIATION COMMISSION: This is the probably the 1st worst decision of this government. The concept is completely flawed and their rational was…..oh, that’s what South Africa did. Sadly, they don’t seem to know the differences between the political dynamics between APARTHEID and crimes of Dictatorship perpetrated by Yahya.

i. The apartheid was settled by a multi-national (international) political agreement
ii. The apartheid was complex racial supremacy conflicts
iii. The apartheid lasted 1947/8-1991 – statutes of limitation and recovery issues will hamper the regular legal process. More importantly trying those cases will mean using international laws because laws of South Africa at the time allowed state sanctioned atrocities. The priority of that international community at the time was to strike a compromise rather than strike application of laws.
iv. Alleged crimes during the period under review are committed by individuals supposedly under the advice of their boss(es) and/or simply to please the boss. Statutes of limitation are no issue here and for most cases there are eye witnesses and/or forensic recoverable physical evidences.
v. Even in South Africa some crimes were tried in normal courts such as Stompie’s murder case involving Late Winnie Mandela. In Gambia we have cases with physical evidence such as photographs, eye witness accounts, forensic material, etc. such as Koro Ceesay, The Student Massacre, Deyda Hydara, prisoners such as Daba Marenah. Noticed that Mr. Marenah was aiding the dictatorship yet he has right to justice – unless we can guarantee justice for all, justice for any of us are neither guaranteed.

March 2017, Minister Tambedou, told us they will put up Gambia Truth and Reconciliation Act. This will probably be the worst Act against justice – NEW LAW(S) AND/OR COURT(S) FOR OLD CRIMES. RETROACTIVATION IS INJUSTICE IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION. It is fundamentally against justice disposition to retroactively dispense justice. We don’t write laws today for yesterday’s allege crime – they ought to be tried under existing laws of that time.

We were also told, Dr. Barrow appointed Dr. Baba Galleh Jallow as the secretary of The Commission. Per records he studies history. What we are talking here is law, homicides and complex investigations. Any reasonable person would think someone with legal background is suited for that task such as a retired judge. This is what is called “square pegs in round holes”. Surely this is Dr. Adam Barrow’s incompetence but Dr. Jallow should also decline the appointment on the grounds that’s not his expertise.

Simply the whole venture is RUSE and not about JUSTICE…… Dr. Barrow and his clique are more interesting in quietly hanging on to power than better Gambia.
JUSTICE FOR VICTIMS WAS ONE SPECIFIC GOAL OF OUR STRUGLLE. Thus, The New Government could simply direct the Prosecutors at the Ministry of Justice and Attorney General’s Office to investigate each case and brought to trial. They could also easy establish some Independent Authority by an Act of National Assembly and/or under some already existing law to investigate and brought to trial each of these cases. Either approach could afford the victims/Gambia the long-awaited justice.

They choose not to for whatever reason. Instead they have and/or are cooking up some approach that is not to bring justice but STATE DETERMINED IMPOSITION TO BE ACCEPTED BY THE PARTIES.

POLITICAL/GOVERNANCE PROBLEMS OF THE GAMBIA – BEYOND JUSTICE FOR VICTIMS: Gambia’s political and socio-economics are multi-faceted. A lasting fix will require holistic re-engineering of the whole state apparatus. Tinkering around the edges and/or moving/shifting personnel as done by Dr. Barrow is no solution. Ironically, Dr. Barrow has started calling up some Yahya AJJ Jammeh amazing. Amazing!

THE SOLUTIONS ARE AS FOLLOWING

a. Rewrite The Constitution: This is absolutely necessary because we have to Separate Governing Powers, we have to Limit Executive Powers, We need Term Limits, we need Decentralization of Governing, we need our Rights Redefined/Degrees of Absoluteness Established, Clean up Noises – remove bunch of laws of The Gambia/Acts of The national Assembly from the Constitution, knock out Military Decrees, Remove/Replace Military Election Administration Decree, etc.

b. Restructure, Reorganize and Right-Size Governments: A New Constitution shall lay out the parameters of each government. Each government will be by, for and of the people. This will cut costs and open up space for our civil liberties/freedoms. It will also serve as gateway to the beginning of prosperity in The Gambia.

c. Decentralize Governance: Establish a democratic government at each Region, District and Villages/Towns/Cities. Each has defined functional structure, roles/responsibilities, resource allocation and jurisdiction. Equally the overseeing responsibilities are apportioned both upside down and vice visa. Public Agents of these governments are directly elected by the people they serve (and not appointed by Banjul). They will serve within a Term Limit as maybe be prescribed in the New constitution. This is what is TRULY A LOCAL GOVERNMENT. What obtains today (and since independence) are simply a political apparatus for Banjul hegemony (Jawara, Yahya & now Barrow).

d. Decentralize Election Administration: Each Region should have their Own Independent Electoral commission. The Regional, District Election Commissioners and their Deputies should be directly elected by people they serve and not appointed by Regional Governor (or whatever name we may prefer) and will not serve under his/her direct dictate but according to the law(s). This Election Administration reform will start with regularizing National Citizen Register broken down into Regions, Districts, Villages, etc. This will afford us establish citizenship and eligibility not only for purposes of elections but many other decision-making purposes. Each Region will then register her citizens coded per Region, District and village/city/town. Such codification could be as simple but good enough as how your phone number is codified. Obviously, those wishing to transfer their votes can do so by turning in the present registration for a new one at the new location’s service centers and through a Central Coordinating Body the old registration will be automatically purged. This will operate like a Central Bank Coordinate or served as a Clearing center for commercial banks. The registers will be accessible to the public so that interested citizens, civil society organizations, political interest groups and verify the voter register for accuracies. Again, Elected Election Commissioners will have a Term Limit.

e. Other Vital Roles of Governing such as Community Policing/Law & Order, Courts, Taxation, Provision of Certain Social Services etc.: These are all areas that need both restructuring and reorganization. Reorganization of these roles will certainly reduce the size of Banjul Government to exactly what ought to be her rightful role/size while local governments may differ on roles based on need. Each government will derive authority from the people they represent/serve. They will also be trained and equip adequately enough to dispense their duties correctly while preserve our rights/civil liberties/freedoms and letting an enabling environment for prosperity.

f. Justice for Victims of Human Right Abuses and by extension National Security Preparedness: This is a very personal matter for some people. I personally know people who lose their love ones’. They can only tell the rest of us how it feels. Our hearts goes out to them.

Justice for one is justice for all! Defending justice of one is defending justice of all. Why’re you not upholding this basic principle whether you support/like the new government or not?

The abuses of citizens’ rights, civil liberties and freedoms guaranteed under our constitution was meted out by Security Agents presumably under the orders of their superiors. While over the last 2 decades Gambia reported to spent over 25% of her National Revenue on National Security and Community Policing. One can only wonder why so much spent and these atrocities weren’t prevented nor a single alleged political related homicide and/or mysterious disappearance case solved.

The best approach for The New Government to resolve these cases would have been to establish ‘A Investigative Body with Prosecutorial Powers’ to investigate each case and use the existing courts to a legal conclusion. This body could either be establish on some existing law and/or by an act of the National Assembly; however, they will look at these cases bases on existing laws. This could prevent undue political political/social interference and allow the new government focus of mainstream reform and other governing matters.

Instead The New Government fixated on some Truth and Reconciliation on justifications (South Africa did it) that has no similarity with Gambia’s.

Justice maybe delayed but not denied. And in a functioning institutional democratic Gambia those who betrayed the trust of public office should also face justice for doing so. TELL Dr. Barrow THE KILLED & DISAPPEARED (ALL VICTIMS) ARE CONSTITUTIONALLY GUARANTEED EQUAL JUSTICE AND NOT SELECTIVE RECONCILIATION. That would simply mean they don’t deserve EQUAL PROTECTION UNDER THE LAW.

g. Etc.

These reforms are not just some fanciful importation of some western ways. Democracy simply happened to be the best form of governing so far devised by mankind. It allows all of us to have equal say in our common affairs, it amplified systems that allowed fair and just dispensation of our common affairs and it enables environment where each can freely labor to maximize the outputs of their talents. These were why our forbearers choose an Independent Democratic republic over other forms of government.

Instead of democratization and justice for victims of our struggle, Dr. Barrow is singing an empty slogan of ‘One Gambia one People One Nation’ and A Delusional Fantasy Economic Agenda. There is no issue of over our territorial integrity or unity as people of The Gambia unless a government or political interest make it a problem. The slogan is pointless! There is no money for whatever Dr. Barrow claimed. Sadly, Dr. Barrow doesn’t know that fact. If he Knows and doing what he’s doing – then he’s no better than Yahya. Over 15% of our National revenue is spent of Dr. Barrow and his livelihood (State House). More troubling is that Dr. Barrow’s government costs poor Gambian tax payers 190% of National Revenue. This means our tax revenue is 90% less the costs of our government. Thus, we have to fetch that from elsewhere – the answers are BEGGING (GRANTS) AND DEBT (LOANS). This is impoverishing the nation. Just like his predecessors (in fact worst by comparing the numbers), Dr. Barrow Administration seize money from the poor from karting to Koina in the name of taxation only to pay for their lifestyle. SAD BUT TRUE!

GRANTS AND DEBT WILL NEITHER UPHOLD OUR PRIDE AS AN INDEPENDENT NATION NOR WILL THEY LEAD US TO PROSPERITY.

My hope is majority compatriots think, research for themselves rather than being told and/or simply following the noisy crowd.

God Bless Gambia

To the Gambia Ever True

Your A B C and 1 2 3 of Political Economic Part 16: Wealth Creation and Poverty

April 24, 2018

SARJO BAYANG-A SOCIAL THINKER

Having to share the national wealth into equal portion for each member of society when everyone is not contributing to creation of that wealth by equal commitment will not be fairest deal. 

Rich and poor have their different challenges. Those with larger share of the collective wealth strive to keep the balance for longest time. The poor on their part have no fear of fall. They need daily meals and simple smile on the face some of us may take for granted.

Cashflow moving one direction ends up in the hands of those running fast enough to catch pace with speed beyond flying objects.

Minting more coins and printing additional bank notes is no quick solution to free the rest of us from the cash trap battering saints and sinners in a society of diverse interests.

Money may not be growing on roof top of tallest buildings. Yet we see men and women operating on big wings chasing the cashflow only few of them control. 

How few people control more wealth in society

Given the choice, everyone prefers having abundant cash reserve to pay for whatever brings good life. The logic of keeping cashflow in limited supply is to create a situation of unequal possession. That situation invites the occasion where many continue to chase the cash supply in circulation but only few catch enough or more.

Communist principle of income and wealth distribution states “from each according to his ability to each according to his need.” Carefully considered this communist concept of wealth creation and distribution encourages capitalist drive for exclusive possession without calling it that name.

Not everyone contributes to wealth creation by equal measure. Therefore, distribution of gains on equal share basis will impose constraints for those who contribute the most.

People differ by account of personal resourcefulness. That difference is what pays the extra dividend. Some people are optimistic and make optimal contribution with high yield resourceful productivity. Other people are pessimistic and make least contribution to wealth creation that society banks on.

Those who set higher targets are driven by achievement motivation gears in operation. They are limited in number and not afraid of risk leading to success or failure. These are our higher achievement motivated enterprising persons who do business or venture into other wealth creation engagements. They have big wings to fly high and capable of lifting others on the journey to success.

Middle ground is occupied by another sector of the social divide. That is the lot who are aware of wealth creation and prepared to commit some efforts moving goods and services from point of production to the end user compact majority waiting to be served.

Third layer of the social fabric consists of those who risk least for fear of failure. In their majority they prefer taking whatever comes their way with least inclination for making efforts. They easily settle for third place in the race.

Social fabric is peopled by most productive and least resourceful with middle class. The irony is that producers of what we all require depend on the lack of resourcefulness in others to create and build their valued stock.

In the eyes of those unable to see full picture of economic reality, the rest of us depend on few capable hands that deliver goods and services being paid for as matter of need. If you pay rent, shop around, use public transport or own means of mobility any time, your contribution to wealth creation sets the clock ticking. You simply contribute in creating wealth for others to enjoy.

Social Capital Development and Growth

Value adding contributors to the national wealth can be identified as bankable social capital resources. From household level and extending to wider population, building resourceful social capital is high priority felt-need.

Bankable social capital is no free-gift descending from thin air. Creative awareness is capable of high yield productive gains.

Parenting at the household level provides the primary raw material and first step in building social capital. Task of further advancement in social capital growth rests on the state as enabler.

Government has responsibility to create enabling economic policy instruments and robust operating environment.

Creating the operating environment for development and growth of social capital is not enough. Social thinking patterns require shifts in gear engagement.  The economy is driven by a mindset not based on crude social values. It takes enterprise culture, social responsibility, and economic development focus from personal to national driveways in building social capital.

Economic superstructure that creates the environment for businesses to flourish is sustained by clearly mapped road links where short cuts may not be readily viable.

Social capital is developed and grown for enhancing wealth creation through entrepreneurship. Enterprise culture makes that to be achieved better.

Being enterprising goes beyond ordinary conventional wisdom. Entrepreneurship is fuelled by high spirit of achievement motivation. It is a combination of goal scoring attributes where even the occasion of failed attempts becomes a motivation for greater success. Every successful person will tell you their story of failed attempts which provides motivation to beat failure for success at last.

Enhanced productivity in social capital development and growth requires good planning by government while encouraging the population to be enterprising. Further commitment on part of the government is by instrumental policy provisions and the will to achieve realistic goals.

Deprived, Hard-to-reach and Marginalised Communities

Tell those in least developed societies that poverty and deprivation inflict same deep cut wounds on the city poor. They will think you are making up to give them comfort. Even in the least developed nations, those who control resources enjoy relatively better living standards than the rest.

Governments all over the world suffer chronic guilt for not doing good enough to salvage marginalised and hard-to reach sectors of society.

Deprived, hard-to-reach, and marginalised communities in one part of the world share the same fate as those in other parts of the world. You do not need to be blessed for believing without seeing.

Governments in least developed like industrial nations have no enough storage room to hide the ugly deep cuts of hardship suffered by deprived and marginalised social divide.

What any curious observer finds an interesting contrast is that industrial nations with all resources at hand are still coping with the guilt of deprivation suffered by marginalised communities.

Although there is visible presence of poverty and deprivation even in developed nations, that does not provide the occasion for least developed nations to keep increasing their stock of resource poor persons with untapped wealth creation potential.

Poor, deprived and marginalised sectors of the social divide deserve better and to alleviate that biting situation demands responsibility from governments at their front gate. Whole communities succumb to deep biting pains of poverty and deprivation for generations. Poverty alleviation remains one unresolved economic challenge for politicians around the world.

Even when marginalised sectors of society work hard enough to raise their income levels, they still pay for living costs at prohibitive prices. Governments are good at setting up revenue generating tracks for national wealth creation although that does not translate in poverty alleviation.

Hand to mouth survival is universal identity mark for low income sectors of society around the world. The good life that excess income provides is one big dream for marginalised sectors of the social divide. Low income equates to weak purchasing power. Price levels and other costs rise to blow off rooftops.

Pro poor slogans are heard loud enough during political debates. With the poor not always present during such talks, they are being talked about and not effectively engaged.

Dependence syndrome in society is a condition that fuels poverty. Making people believe that it takes the power and resources of others to create better living for them encourages a cycle of dependence. Depending on others means a person or community waits to be provided for.

Such dependent communities and individuals deserve improved living beyond hand-to-mouth. They need the capacity to create wealth as bankable source of revenue over longest run.

Income Generation and Wealth Creation

Small and Medium Enterprises also known as SMEs have long been recognised as prime drivers of national development with prospects of income generating activities as source of wealth creation.

In addition to propelling the informal sector business, SMEs are source of taxable revenue required for economic regeneration and growth.

By development and promotion of entrepreneurship, the potential for economic growth has sustainable prospects. Spending increases with addition in disposable income. When productivity is boosted there is increased spending.

An enhanced enterprising population invariably translates into increased productive hands lifting the economy higher up.

This does not suggest that with more enterprising engagement in society, poverty melts away so easily. Business in general fuels the economy with income generation and wealth creation propelling growth.

London in United Kingdom which first settled as cluster of villages is now being talked about as commercial capital of Europe. Some of the villages that make up London into the city of commerce we hear about still maintain their identity and character.

With income generation and wealth creation set in right gears, growth potential rises higher. Taking London UK as an example, there is no doubt that income generation and wealth creation serve as key to growth.

When London settled as a village, there was no anticipation for high volume traffic, so much the reason why some roads remain narrow and one-way traffic. The London Underground emerged out of necessity thanks to increased commerce and trade. In later years, the city introduced Congestion Charges as traffic curbing mechanism.

 Poverty Alleviation through Small and Medium Enterprises SMEs

Empowering the poor goes beyond the granting of political freedom to criticise and blame government.

Economic freedom entails enhancing the capacity of people and communities to live sustainable better conditions without recourse to gifts and aids.

Promotion and development of enterprise culture is viable poverty reduction strategic intervention that worked for number of countries.

Overall orientation and strategic focus of developing Small and Medium Enterprises SMEs is for economic transformation. Individuals and communities are not only salvaged from deprivation. They are transformed to economic saviours.

In practice, when poor communities and individuals take calculated risk to invest in business, they are paving the way to wealth creation through enterprise engagement for economic regeneration.

Further gains include their contribution to national wealth creation as generators of taxable income. Poverty is not a choice and those caught up in the trap deserve an enhancing platform to alleviate their condition.

Motivated by enterprise culture, small and small enterprises have greater potential as poverty alleviation strategy on the journey towards sustainable livelihood.

Good governance also requires provision of the enabling economic environment that gives people choices as value adding contributors in national wealth creation.

Your A B C and 1 2 3 of Political Economy Part 15: Corruption

April 24, 2018

SARJO BAYANG-A SOCIAL THINKER

Talking about corruption, someone said it is like a chunk of honey comb. That those who have it locked in their jaws cannot pronounce the name.  

According to right thinking members of society, who may not always have any influence over matters, injustice is corruption by extension.                                                                                                 

Laws become corrupt when they prevail without proper balance of justice. Legal injustice is a matter for the courtroom. Economic injustice raises moral questions.

Naming the devil and here comes one with many identities. Corruption traps are visible to curious observers every step of the way.

Without careful attention, many people easily fall into the trap of corruption and not knowing. Corruption and injustice are twin evils bearing slightly different names.

Legal and economic injustice of corruption

Do we need dictionary meaning of corruption while our open eyes are face-to-face with unnamed elephant in the room everyone tries to ignore?

Considered from political, economic, social, and legal perspective, corruption is induced by injustice within society by diverse ways.

Legal injustice relates to judgment in the court room while depriving rightful owners their share of resources thereby giving undue gains to others is part of economic injustice. Alienation and other forms of segregation in society are attributes of corrupt social values.

Corruption is so rampant and yet, people pay blind eyes to some of its manifest. The vocabulary of statistics picks up corruption as it relates to incorrect or doubtful data. Corrupted data is considered invalid for realistic assessment.

Advocates of civil society rights flag up issues born of corruption. When people are not treated fairly, perpetrators of the unfairness are no lesser corrupt than the rest in other domains.

By design or default, whenever some people gain undue advantage at the cost of others doing without, injustice is seen to be prevailing. The occasion permitting such unjust access or denial is corruption by extension of its infinite variety.

 

Abuse of Public Position for Personal Interest is Corruption

Taking undue advantage of entrusted position to divert resources for personal interest can affect others adversely. Corruption is not only a matter of economic interest seeking. Playing bias to create undue advantage for those being favoured is corrupt practice. Choosing to give favour without observing rules of fairness also counts as corruption.

When it affects resources and economic situations become an issue, corruption can be easily recognised. That is why people in charge of public resources attract so much attention and scrutiny. They are mostly associated with corruption unless proven otherwise.

Revenue collectors in some countries operate like private banking service. Not everything they collect from people falls in the book of accounts. Public trust is at lowest in matters of revenue collection. Some of the revenue collectors are openly corrupt. Their grabbing and amassing of money or material possession indicates that they operate with more than two little hands. Corruption cannot be ruled out without pains.

Everyone talks about justice delayed as justice denied. There is so much noise about injustice. What comes close to the lip and not often said by word of mouth is the ugly face of corruption.

Whenever there is outcry for injustice, due process of law is likely corrupted. But who dares to call our competent legal body corrupt without them asking you for proof with “evidence”.

Lawyers are strong brick layers in their own capabilities. Call them another name and face the challenge if you have no proof or evidence.

Bribery, Corruption, and Embezzlement

Those who give bribe are no lesser corrupt persons than the bribe takers. Illicit exchange of money for favour is the most visible practice in corrupt dealings. High scale corruption operates at other levels where the net is not big enough to catch size of fish involved.

Greasing the palm to make it soft is common saying in corruption language. Due process is largely flawed at very high cost to justice.

Roots of corruption can be traced extensively. Those entrusted with public resources are centre of attention due to the amount of shared interest.

Corruption is social issue and spreads branches in all other areas with human trace. Biased influences with unfair sense of consideration for others propel corruption.

In some countries, traffic accidents are largely caused by corruption. You may wonder how car accidents have link to corruption. Here is how.

Traffic controller blows the whistle and car driver is asked to produce documents. Lights and breaks get checked for any faults. No faults driver carries on. Another car is checked for similar faults. Something wrong with break and lights. It is during daytime and everything seems fine. Driver hands something by the left hand. Journey continues. One hour later a fatal car crash is reported. Whose fault?

Bribery, corruption and embezzlement can affect the entire economy. Bribe takers fill their personal pocket at expense of public revenue. Over the long run, where will that place the economy?

Embezzlement of public funds is rampant financial malpractice. To keep many invisible hands in that illicit cash traffic can cause a business or whole government revenue at sinking levels. Corruption is the root to the few examples given and there are more.

Impact of corruption on the economy is beyond measure. Corruption affects business, society, legal system and the economy in vast ways.

Corruption in the legal system

By standard best practice and in principle, laws are meant to protect life and possession of everyone in society. You wonder what is there in the big book of laws for those of us without money or material possession that the law is to defend.

We have seen how money plays hands in defeating justice in matters between rich and poor. Rules are often bent down to knee level when the few in possession of money and material step on wrong side of the law. The same rules get tougher for those without means of taming the law.

If there is one word close enough to the lips, any sensible person would pronounce it as corruption. Others may still prefer calling it as eruption of justice.

The legal arena has good share of corruption and they are quick at defending it. Don’t you wonder why legal fees are lot more expensive than some other professional services cost?

To bend the rules that are made by other strong legal hands require toughness that the layman cannot stand.

Apart from challenge of interpreting the law to influence judgment, the legal tussle of bending rules in winning cases has much in it beyond eye level. We cannot all see through the thick layers that lawyers dare to erect their flag post.

Politics and Corruption

It may be wrong to say that politics is corrupt but that is what most people think. Some politicians openly play bias in favour of those they call loyal supporters. They don’t hide their bias at all.

In project work, politicians sometimes take decisions by awarding contracts to whom they prefer by no account of merit.

Projects with high capital involved often require approval by politicians. That is where state ministers and top administration get their hands greased before the ink flows. Some of these are done behind close doors and those not part of the game may not get near enough to feel what flavour by smell in the kitchen. Association between politics and corruption is close tie.

When politicians allocate resources, they are more likely to give better share to those in their good books. That has become a norm to an extent nobody questions about it.

To suggest that politics is entirely a game of corruption may seem an extreme assumption. Some politicians know the boundary and strive to main fair balance in standard best practice. Just because some politicians are corrupt will not justify a sweeping statement painting all by same brush.

Thumbs up for our very genuine politicians serving best collective interest all the time. Why politics is associated with corruption, we may not have enough answers.

 

Global Fight Against Corruption

Until formation of a global coalition in the fight against corruption began, the subject was a taboo.

Civil society is getting increasingly sensitised on corruption and the need for curbing it. Governments around the world are taking to task with rising pressure from the citizenry.

The year 1993 was when Peter Eigen a German found Transparency International, TI for short. Peter discovered corruption at various levels of government and the economy.

National Chapters of Transparency International make joint efforts to keep civil society informed. Over so many years now, the Corruption Index profiles nations around the world from least to most corrupt. There is hardly a nation on this planet without an element of corruption. The damage done by it is where big difference lies. For more about the global Corruption Index of nations and related matters, here is link to Transparency International www.transparency.org

Who is not Corrupt?

Let those who feel clean throw their towel in the ring. Anyone guilty of bias has elements of corruption. Bias judgement and unfair distribution are norms in corrupt society.

You may choose not to be corrupt while someone uses your backyard as dumping ground of corruption. Society is soaked in corruption extensively. Traces of corruption when left to go on will grow in larger proportion. Injustice is a manifest of corruption by infinite variety. Least corrupt society enjoys greatest justice in many ways.

YOUR A B C AND 1 2 3 POLITICAL ECONOMY

March 24, 2018

SARJO BAYANG-A SOCIAL THINKER

Part 12: What A B C and 1 2 3 of Political Economy mean

About politics in relation to economic reality of society, both prevail with numbers and letters. The count begins with period in political office according to the constitution. Numbers extend to include economic value translated in money count. Lettering spells out who the rulers are and those to be ruled on what terms. It also includes what will be provided during a term of political office. Thus, we have A B C and 1 2 3 of Political Economy in perspective.

Curious about why social reality linked to the economy gained the popular name political science, I decided thinking outside the box in exploration for clarity.
The more I tried to accept political science for what traditional academics seek to impress, the harder my mind outside the box defeats me. Then I thought something deserves a better look in the eyes of truth not just how everyone is told, but objective reality at best reasoning.

My years of critical reflection and observing various experts revealed to me their ability to simplify complex issues while the rest of us complicate simple issues adding to more confusion
Learning the alphabet and numbers could have been a complex encounter for the unschooled, especially children. Thanks to our elementary school teachers for sinking it in with fun and sometimes strictness.
Thinking about it critically, all that you needed in your toolbox of schooling are set of letters and numbers better called A B C and 1 2 3.

For the remaining of your educational pursuit along the schooling track, how you associate and utilise those letters and numbers at whatever frequency or scale makes any difference between you and the rest of us.

Then I concluded without hesitation that creating better political awareness is possible by loading toolbox of everyone in society the A B C and 1 2 3 of economic reality binding all of us the political arena houses.

By my account of critical exploration social reality in the context of politics and the economy belongs to another domain. That in my view is something else beyond political science as many of us are made to believe without asking pertinent questions. Those issues below provide the inroad on our journey in search of economic life line political power hinges on.

The Concept and Perspective of Your A B C and 1 2 3 Political Economy

Everywhere in society when people talk about politics, they relate everything to economic conditions. People want good roads, schools, hospitals, recreational facilities, policing for security, and plenty of food on the table. They expect politicians to do something about these and many other needs. Economic reality tells us there is not enough for getting everything everybody wants at every time. Therefore, if we are unable to get so much of what we want the rule says we go by the economic thinking of making a choice in distributing our limited resources to get optimal satisfaction. We settle for what gives us the best possible satisfaction. In that way of deciding what is best for us according our means, the rich and poor enjoy similar level of satisfaction although with vastly different possession. That is why both rich and poor rub shoulders in the market or street corners laughing about different matters. You still smile about what gives you the occasion to do so.

Individually we all make personal economic decisions based on resources at our disposal. The economic principle of scarcity and choice governs us all and that is true even for those who may not be aware of such rational allocation in principle. To an extent everyone performs the job of an economist without being called by that name. Nobody in their right frame of mind will prefer squandering limited resources at hand. Knowing it or not, we are all faced with this critical economic situation requiring rational choice over limited resources.

Collectively, the national economy is life sustaining property of everyone in society. Government is the organised establishment given permission to make the rational decision on behalf of everyone. Money is collected by a sitting government from various sources and kept for everyone to benefit from. The same government pays specialised institutions and individuals employed to facilitate distribution. Those employed as financial milking agents collect money. Others are employed as custodians of what is collected. Final decision is taken by those with political authority; people at the top. We are not sure if people given the gigantic responsibility of making crucial economic decisions by any occasion utilise high capacity and competence or simply rely on impulse. That is where everyone needs to think seriously before placing in the hands few the keys to our collective economic powerhouse as they assume the lofty political seat of authority. That includes holders of key positions at local council level. Local councils are by extension the financial milking fat cows of public revenue. Leaving them free may result to so much milk spilling at a cost.

Further exploration of politics and the economic superstructure reveals how we are all linked to the national grid of values. It is fatal error by some of us when we think of handing political power to groups and individuals who end up taking full custody of our shared resources without being competently scrutinised. The risk is too high when people are handed the exclusive power over resources affecting livelihood of everyone in society.

Key line of enquiry and overall orientation of Your A B C and 1 2 3 of Political Economy is in the perspective that by empowering an individual as head of government or their political party through votes, they are being handed keys to the economic powerhouse. Doing so just by sweet talks and soul soothing cool promises can be risky at very high cost to everyone.
Everyone in society has very high stakes with high interest to deserve high power and influence over collective resources. For some reasons many of us simply resign and surrender to the few that promise they will manage our economy when we hand them political power.
People deserve to make informed choices and that is better done when everyone adequately knows that political power is linked to economic livelihood of all in society. That information is hidden from the rest of us. The need to make it simple is what motivates Your A B C and 1 2 3 of Political Economy.

How Scientific is Political Science?

Considering how unpredictable our politicians can be, one is inclined to wonder how scientific political science becomes. Granted that science does not create and that scientific task in bulk is lot about observation then the job of political scientists becomes more challenging than ever thought about.
Whereas scientific research involving experiments relies on evidence with uniformity, then observation and behaviour patterns of politicians will break all test tubes in the lab without clean results.

Yes, the objective of drawing valid conclusion from critical assessment cannot be applied to political samples just so easily. Political behaviour in social relations is such a fat bite for easy chewing. Patterns are so diverse that laws of precision as applicable in science proves more difficult in measuring the behaviour of this complex social person taking political nose dive at everyone’s risk.

Calling politics social science is still not enough making a case for observing, analysing, and drawing valid conclusion from such variety in behaviour patterns. Similarities in political conduct does not make the job any easy for near perfection. It is baffling how a body of knowledge as political science remains scientific by word and action.
The complexity of political behaviour deepens further when you think principles apply to the letter. Given that party politics operates within the bounds of constitutions and other regulatory instruments, we still see the same party shifting gears with any change of leadership.

Experience provides ample evidence at hand indicating that no two set of political grouping perform at perfectly regulated order of dispensation. Personalities weigh in with their special likes and dislikes which changes the game as each captain prefers, without needing to obey the referee.

In all nations around the world, any new political dispensations come up with their preferred ways of dealing with the economy, regulations, and laws as they deem fit. Nothing stays the same. New ministers take up established old jobs and sail with those they feel safe along the journey.

From the critical perspective of unpredictable political behaviour and dynamics of social awareness, political science faces increasing challenges beyond existing book knowledge. So much has changed and lot more lined up for continued change due to technology and patterns in social awareness. The need for resettling the drawing board can be no better time.
Goalposts requiring shifting with rules of the game subjected to changes. Politics can no longer be the same game as usual. There is economic life line in politics where everyone is connected and deserving to be catered for.

Everyone Connected to the Economic Life Line of Politics

Elsewhere in the series on Your A B C and 1 2 3 of Political Economy, we explored the economic link to whole society where everyone is connected. All the time majority of us take politics for granted as though we are not counted. We surrender our rights and commit serious risks in politics thereby bearing potentially damaging economic implications.

How we all relate to the national economy is no bedtime story telling for lulling little children in sleep. The truth is that politicians by their majority deviate from discussing economic reality in total seriousness. They say one thing when seeking votes. Once seated in power, they do exact opposite and feel free to bend rules or change them to suit their momentary personal goals while in authority.

Listen to that politician telling you how they think of making changes by promise of better sanitation, healthy cashflow, booming economy and all others. If you ask how that is possible, half of the politicians don’t rely on any concrete plans with resources assured. Most likely, they know what their limitations are but will never want to scare voters by telling you real facts and figures.

If people complain about lack of money, some politicians may be thinking of printing more bank notes as possible solution to acute cash shortage in society. Without a productive economic base, will people chew bank notes for survival at all. Of course not. Unhealthy cashflow is like bad blood transfusion causes more illness. In case of the national economy, pumping more money chasing after few goods and services indicates economic sickness at all levels of society. There is no enough political muscle to keep a sick economy alive even over the shortest run. Politicians must stop tongue twisting deception and learn to speak clear economic language to those voting for them. People deserve positive change in their living conditions. The good life that motivates politicians to seek that high office is what ordinary people in society also want. Politics is national grid for total economic settlement of everyone. You are equally connected like anyone.

The political Arena is one big Social Lab not just for Experiments

Thinking of it in broad dimension, entire political dispensation places everyone in one big social lab with experiments carried on real people and real economy. Politicians test their ideas by coming up with schemes that may not be readily feasible. They decide about matters at conference rooms in the absence of key stakeholders like the tax payer public.
Should anything go wrong with ideas that politicians put to test without second thought, the damage is extended beyond them. Just because it takes public resources, individual politicians or their parties hardly take responsibility. One failure leads the way to more failures when priorities are not properly set in right order.

Dictatorship is worse with experiment on public resources due to their excessive political power. They are not alone. We see numerous cases where public resources are squandered with little or no value adding effect. Politicians are not punished for putting public resources at risk of failure. They have mandate and therefore use it to their maximum personal advantage.
Matters get more serious when politicians exercise power without recourse to policy and procedures. Some politicians feel they are above regulated conduct which misleads them to carry out resource consuming experiments at prohibitive high costs.

The point needing to take home is that politicians around the world are granted unrestricted access to public resources. If they are not sensible and considerate, that can lead to abuse of power. Some of them get punished once out of power. They would have already done extensive damages beyond repair.

Knowing that some politicians cannot resist the temptation of abusing office power through corruption it is most prudent subjecting sitting public office holders to competent scrutiny.
When citizens subject their political post holders to scrutiny in good spirit that is not offensive to the public post holder. On the other hand, advocacy and scrutiny in pursuit of good governance can be done with utmost responsibility. It will be wrong and seen offensive where citizens cross the boundary of their responsible conduct towards public office holders as seen in extreme situations where the occasion does not call for such.

The voting public has responsibility to scrutinise public office holders by refusing to remain quiet as docile spectators. Political experiments involving huge cost to public resources are open to scrutiny thereby mitigating any losses.

Politicians are meant to be competent economic drivers of society

Everyone looking for public office in political capacity will be doing more justice by demonstrating working knowledge of the national economy.
Politicians without working knowledge of how the national economy runs will put public resources at risk. Due to distorting images associated with some politicians, even the better ones face tough challenges.

It is not reasonable expecting every political office holders to shine as Class A Economist. The truth is that even those we bank on as economists guiding political officer bearers, not all of them pass the test of times.

Highly competent financial experts like their counterpart economists are seen being swallowed by debts to their throat. That is because they are unable to utilise book knowledge in real life situation. Some economist by title are also entangled by daily challenges of real life economic situations. There are economic models that have failed in some nations where bulk of our branded economists are trained.

Perhaps with working knowledge of how the economy operates through prudent allocation of resources, our politicians will keep their feet on the gas pedal and propel the nation to everyone’s desired prosperity.

Your A B C and 1 2 3 of Political Economy seeks to stimulate public interest by focusing attention on how everyone relates to the national economy. In that context, those who are licenced to drive the economy on the superhighway of politics genuinely require the right tools and proper driving ability for most assuring journey to prosperity we all deserve.

YOUR A B C AND 1 2 3 POLITICAL ECONOMY

March 14, 2018

SARJO BAYANG-A SOCIAL THINKER

Part 10: Politics and Education

To mistake education for classroom schooling is an error committed by most of us without our realising it. Education is social property while schooling up to higher education standards belongs to institutions.

Everywhere in the world education precedes schooling and extends beyond school. Those that control schooling decide when to start or finish. They peg it at a price and dish our so much for anyone willing to pay in measured terms while education is beyond measure.
Social education on the other is free. You learn your first language by free association with people around. Not needing to call anyone your teacher, knowledge of social reality develops over time.

Schooling does not register or give marks for what we learn from social education as children or afterwards. Animals get education without being schooled.
One interesting contrast or rather big contradiction of measured schooling (the politics of education) is the fact that where two or more persons share equal level of certification some of them prove to be more knowledgeable than others. Viewed from critical perspective only education provides knowledge while schooling serves the purpose of politics.
If we continue to bank on only knowledge supposed to be delivered to us by occasion of schooling, the balance of right thinking diminishes to such levels that society will be populated by more educated fools over longest period.
Governments have taken up the gigantic task of managing everyone including those opposing them. That requires providing the enabling environment where society gets further education beyond schooling.

Educating a population for enhancing human capital gainful resourcefulness is a task beyond classroom schooling. Everyone is born as an input to society with potential to add value for optimal shared gains. In life some people grow to be more resourceful than others due to various reasons including barriers and facilities along the way.

Education is not all about numbers

Building schools and extra classroom blocks is not enough. Educational standards need to fulfil quality requirements for competitive advantage in all areas of competence. Providing good education needed for economic advancement is therefore not mere number gains.

Education planning is best done in response to much needed development priorities. Are our politicians giving us enough? Mass awareness creation can be acquired by collective engagement of whole society.  Schools by their limitations may not be doing enough in giving back to society the level of sophistication that liberates all. Everyone talks about politics as though no-go area. Political education in schools and higher education is more geared to preparing for exams than motivation to face real life movers of the system who occupy key political positions.

Job creation and economic advancement is not all about compiling neatly presented statistical data. It takes real people to do the required jobs. They need education which is not always provided by schooling. A society with more educated persons poses greater challenges to any political order.
Constraints of not being able to get the youths employed is no good reason for any political order to cut down on education. Often there is dilemma regarding where priorities are highest. Building classrooms, roads, or investment on educating a population?
An enlightened society becomes sophisticated for politicians to handle without pain. There is no easy ride without being challenged. Education goes with huge cost and higher gains not only by way of how much money is involved. Demands are high and too numerous for the regime to handle with no quick fix solutions readily at hand.
Creating jobs to keep the growing educated members of society gainfully occupied does not come about by elaborate plans on paper alone. The enabling economic environment creates opportunities for thriving entrepreneurs and energetic youth population to engage in revenue generating ventures while serving society.

Promoting Enterprise Culture to Grow an Enterprising Population

Beyond numbers and neatly compiled reports, education is meant to enhance not just employable skills required by commerce, industry, and office jobs. It takes an enterprising population to propel the economic engine.
By robust policy provisions, development and promotion of enterprise culture can be achieved. That mindset is what motivates people to engage in small and medium enterprises thereby generating taxable revenue to boost the economy.
To create the enabling economic environment requires clearly conceived plans and better policies put in place by government.  Boosting employment in the private sector yields higher gains through economic engagement capable of generating taxable revenue base. Goods and services delivered in variety will give consumers wider choices.
Increased demand and higher spending propels the velocity of cashflow in faster circulation. Some businesses become source of supply for others. In similar way other businesses serve as chain of distribution for those in the production line.

It takes serious commitment from government to get the private sector actors motivated by providing incentives while promoting entrepreneurship.
The education needed in development and promotion of entrepreneurship is not what classroom schooling provides. That is done through achievement motivation and the enterprising drive of goal-oriented individuals in society.
An enterprising population does not spring from wider space. It grows out of a desire. Social interplay creates the platform for creating commercial awareness leading to growth of enterprise culture.

Social learning provides better occasion for motivation of enterprise engagement far beyond what schooling does. Informal education does not require classroom schooling. We all take so much from home before setting eyes on our first school teachers.  Enterprise culture stimulates employment creation through entrepreneurship. With government backing the potential for growth of informal sector business can be realised most gainfully.

More money buying weapons and less for education

During planning and budgeting some governments allocate more money in buying arms or paying for maintenance of the security outfit than what’s left on education, health, social welfare and wealth creation put together.
Looking at the amount of public money spent on weapon power, you wonder whose security we are talking about.
Wider society tax payers experience more insecurity in everyday life than the few that are voted as political leaders. All that is cost needing to be justified. Armed robbery and other forms of forceful dispossession that individuals suffer at risk life tends to be out of control.
Dangerously armed individuals walking free is of high risk proportion. It is hard to make sense how possession of lethal weapons extends beyond the power of those voted for protecting collective interest.

Clearly, there is in no justifiable interest keeping entire society under threat of gun violence. Ask for an explanation and those in possession of lethal weapons will call it self-defence. Yes, because the national security outfit is sustained with huge financial government backing, therefore everyone thinks they need personal protection too.  Fear of being killed tends to embolden individuals to seek personal protection leading to increased gun possession. Schools can contribute to social education on security. That makes the job of teachers much crucial to social transformation.
Highly motivated teachers will serve instrumental role towards creation of an enlightened population needed for enhancing political awareness and becoming bankable economic resource.
Teachers work harder than they are paid
During political debates in parliament there is more talk about education than commitment to deliver what is required. Salaries of teachers hardly top the agenda. Most talk is about statistics. Everything is reduced to chunks of data.
Such key stakeholders like teachers are routinely talked about and not invited to join the debate. Teachers in every society deserve more than we see them being remunerated.

In public schools, teachers are counted as civil servants. Going by the volume and complexity of their workload, teachers commit more efforts and time than the ordinary civil servants do.
Apart from chalking and talking, teachers spend more time after working hours marking or drawing up lesson plans. Entrusted with children of diverse background and character, teachers deal with each of them in their special needs.
Society owes teachers more than politicians have so far demonstrated. In addition to teachers’ unions, the voice of society in promoting welfare of this instrumental embodiment can be louder. We cannot leave the welfare of teachers being handled without rendering them what is due.
Politics of education is loaded with an agenda of lofty aims needing proper checks to ensure tangible evidence-based impact. Teachers are such tall pillars of society that cannot be dwarfed without consequences. Pay teachers well and give them better incentives to boost their total welfare.

Governance and Politics beyond School Subjects

To confine the study of politics as mere school subject is not enhancing enough. Regarding how politicians are being empowered to decide for each of us everyone in society deserves knowing more and better.  When students debate about politics, it is mostly for the nicety of grammar and eloquence. More often they are not thinking of taking politics head on. Out of school or from higher education, every other job becomes target less political occupation.
Just like smaller number of business students at university have ambition to be hired rather than create their own enterprise being self-employed and hire others. Similarly, only few of those who show interest in school or higher education political debates choose to take up full time responsibility as genuinely representative of the people.
Political power is connected to almost everything daily life evolves around. From wealth creation (fundamental to the national economy) health care and maintenance, agriculture, trade. Industry, mobility, education, society, law and order, security among others.
National and personal security cannot be properly maintained without serious commitment on part of the political power players. Security they provide for those representing the people is far beyond what the rest of society have.
Governments consider weapon power as measurement of their might. Individuals in society reflect similar way. The danger is that if you possess an instrument there is propensity to use it. In that scheme of things by spending on weapons, governments invariably prepare for war. Individuals also think of attacking or being attacked by someone else. Reliance on gun power or weapons turned into a generational menace in some countries.
This generation is already too much enslaved by gun power. The next and succeeding generations may want to bank on mindpower for a more progressive and by extension higher advanced economic world order.
Reforms in global education will require preparing society to be more productive without fear of being attacked. Politicians have lot of responsibility coming up with policies that will detox society from this destructive gun power mentality. Until now, the political will to keep society safe is below all expectations.

Gun culture is a challenge for governments the world over. Educating society about politics and economic reality extends beyond what schooling provides.  Maybe the next generation will get different education and prefer weapons be replaced by production of what brings more economic advancement. Political rethinking over gun power or weapons is an educational pursuit that cannot be confined in classrooms. Entire society requires to be schooled though not in the classroom concept of teaching without learning.
Political education outside School
The population is not adequately informed about any rationale on what appears as unjustifiable budgetary allocation especially with increased spending on weapons. Taking political education outside the classroom will bear extensive rewards beyond the basic objective of schooling for examination requirements.

With everyone being affected in vast ways, the political discourse is central to our livelihood by occasion of diverse yet conflicting interests.  Political activism is more about awareness creation than partisan interest drive. Along the journey, there appears to be more passengers than drivers. In their total, political drivers and passengers have more excess baggage shared among themselves.  Advancing the agenda calls for an inclusive engagement of those long left out in the dark. To assume that only flag bearers care more than the marginalised compact majority can be considered as alienation.

Bottom line and truth of the whole matter holds that politics has deep rooted economic life line which cannot be taken for granted without consequences.  Not to join the debate means the rest will continue talking about you and their decision becomes all binding social contract affecting everyone with far reaching economic implications needing great consideration. Failing to decide is by extension a decision of its own. The choice is yours.

YOUR A B C AND 1 2 3 OF POLITICAL ECONOMY

March 7, 2018

SARJO BAYANG-A SOCIAL THINKER

Part 9: Politics of Development

Using development projects to gain political capital is common tactic for capturing votes. In the absence of proper consultation to determine real needs of people, politically motivated projects will not put food on the table or bring much needed better living conditions.
Deprived and hard-to-reach communities are not always enjoying much from the government. Quite often they are not consulted in fairest deal of development partnership.
Instead, projects are conceived without them knowing what is going on. Whenever some government and Non-Governmental Organisation NGO agents begin their treks word goes around that another project is about to come.
Fleet of project vehicles and motorbikes are seen running around blowing more dust and leaving behind people hoping for what may never come any time soon.
White elephant projects are glaring symbols associated with politics of mass deception that government and NGOs come up with.
Everything turns out to be development politics or politics of deception where real felt-needs are not fulfilled. What follows relates to how that is schemed.
Stakeholder engagement
People are sick, hungry, and without good clothing. Their immediate felt-needs and highest in priority ranking would have included preventive health services, nutrition, and perhaps education for the young.
Experts think they know what is best for communities. Based on their wrong perception and failing to make proper consultation, projects are designed and presented as book knowledge dictates.
At end of one project cycle other projects line up. Nothing seems to work while the blame game shifts all fingers on communities lacking knowledge.
Development agents representing government and NGOs compete for recognition as they seek to make their presence felt at various deprived communities.
Eventually most projects fail. Even when you think they have succeeded, it takes very short time before everything comes to complete stop. Community facilities and producer schemes diminish over time leading to final closure.
Nobody takes responsibility as initial community engagement fails to include succession planning, Failure of one community project provides the occasion for others to be identified.
Unless experts consult communities as key partners in development, any projects implemented on paper work without ascertaining real felt-needs will fail like others before and those after them.
Felt-needs of the people
Priority ranking of genuine needs is different from drawing up a wish list of so many wants. People have insatiable desire for possession and will pile up so much even what is good for nothing.
To ascertain the felt-needs of communities and individuals requires asking them. No expert has the superior gift of genius to determine what people really need without seeking to know from them.
Asking communities and individuals to talk about everything they want will end with a long roll of wish list nobody can provide for. It is therefore most helpful to give some guidelines regarding how felt needs are separated from numerous wants.
Through sensitisation and group thinking, communities and individuals requiring project support will undertake their realistic needs assessment.
By engaging people and communities in the task of identifying their own needs, the journey to delivering projects in response to those felt needs begins with right steps.
Feasibility Study
Expression of felt needs by people and communities does not readily make a case to conclude project feasibility. Other variables are taken into consideration. To determine feasibility is measured along key lines of enquiry.
Getting the right mix is crucial not only in determining feasibility. Questions on viability arise where everyone is challenged to consider how viable the project venture becomes. Key to that line of enquiry is all about sustainability.
What happens in the long run after the project is implemented and delivered at completion stage requires clear mind mapping from the beginning.
Whether the project succeeds or fails, resources would have been committed and not retrievable. In that respect sustainability issues need to be given proper care and serious consideration.
Material, money and human capital inputs are required in right proportion. This is considered in the wider context of technical feasibility.
Before any further moves feasibility needs to be established on solid findings. When a project is not feasible due to deficiencies in material, money or human capital it means there is no point the venture. Getting the right balance of these key components is critical success factor in determining feasibility and viability of projects.
Human capital contribution is considered from various dimensions. Is there the required calibre of capable persons handling this project venture? That question refers to project agents and the people at community level who eventually ensure sustainability by their competent handling from start onwards.
In some communities, certain people of influence always take leading roles even where they may not be the most competent. There arise occasional conflicts of interest leading to bad results. It is therefore important that right people take up rightful roles based on competence rather than compromise. That is not always happening unfortunately. Wrong hands handling even the most readily feasible projects can lead to failure. Opinion leaders may have political influence while lacking the ability to deal with development schemes.
Misplaced priorities
During needs assessment priority ranking of competing demands can be helpful. With brain storming and clear mind mapping by focused group exercise project planning identifies needs. Participants may come up with very long list of what they initially identified as needs. In guided discussion, it may emerge that some of the items listed are more of general wants than genuine felt needs.
Participants are encouraged to rethink and see if everything listed will be considered as needed. That is when they will get to narrow down their demands in priority ranking of needs. Politically motivated provisions that communities don’t need amount to white elephant projects
Without succession plans, repeat failures become common in the experience of projects provided for mere political gains.
To prevent the situation of misplaced priorities, communities need to be consulted from early planning stages onwards. Thorough cost and benefit analysis will ensure that priorities are at the same giving people choices based on their expressed felt-needs.

“SLAVES WERE NOT TAKEN FROM AFRICA”, ASSERTED LAMIN B SANYANG

December 12, 2017

LAMIN SADDAM SANYANG

PEOPLE SAY THAT SLAVES WERE TAKEN FROM AFRICA. THIS IS NOT TRUE.
PEOPLE WERE TAKEN FROM AFRICA AND WERE MADE INTO SLAVES.

I want to inform the general public that, there will be a massive demonstration at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hage on Friday the 15th of december 2017 between 15:00 – 17:00 to condemn black people being sold as slaves in Libya.
Our fellow black brothers and sisters getting sold in Libya and are made in to slaves. Our brothers and sisters are beaten, rapes and kill in Libya.

This brutal, cruel and barbaric behavior in Libya must stop immediately.
How many days, weeks, months does the international communities needs to talk about this inhuman behaviour happening in Libya before taking an actions.

The Arab world are the greatest hypocrites you can ever see on this earth. Their Abrab brothers and sisters are brutally treating our brothers and sisters in Libya. They fully knows about it but they keep their moutrh shut. We are hearing from the ECOWAS, the AU, the EU and the UN condemning it. They are having various talks about it to find the solution, but you HYPOCRITES are keeping quite and pretending that nothing is happening. You may call yourselves a muslim but i’ll not call you Arabs a MUMIN.

I am appealing to all the black brothers and sisters and our sympathisers to come and join this massive demonstraion on Friday, the 15th of december 2017 at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hage and condemn are brothers and sisters being made as slaves in Libya.

For more Information you can contact :

Lamin Saddam Sanyang tel 0654294166
Hon Demba Dem tel 0681841640
Or Alhagie Kijera tel 0619620082.

The venue of the demonstration will be :

Oude Waalsdorperweg 10
2597 AK, The Hague
The Netherlands.